⒈ Karl Marx Education
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Mind is the specific quality of the specifically organised matter, i. Marx for the first time analysed correctly the forces and impulses which govern human nature and mould its environment. It was Karl Marx who gave socialism a philosophy and a new direction and a dynamic force. In it he traces the evolution of history as the inevitable result of the economic changes brought about by the changed method of the material production of wealth, and prophesies a social revolution leading to the dictatorship of the proletariat. The first volume of his monumental work Das Capital The Capital appeared in After his death in two other volumes, based upon manuscripts left by him, were published by his friend and collaborator, Friedrich Engels The Das Capital became, and has since remained, the Bible of the socialists all the world over.
It heralded a revolution in the realm of ideas and became the gospel of a new faith. Marx brushed aside all the earlier socialistic theories as vague and unscientific, because they ignored the operation of certain immutable laws which determine the course of history. The future state, he declares, cannot be the product of intellectual ingenuity, however great, or the device of a reformer, however gifted. The future is determined by the past; it is the inevitable product of certain forces and tendencies which are irresistible in their operation.
The business of social philosophy is to discover these forces and not to prescribe panaceas. Marx gave an economic interpretation of history, and from it he draws the conclusions that all history is but a record of class struggles. In his view the fundamental impulse of human life is economic and he holds that the course of history has always been determined by economic factors.
Those who control the means of production dominate the society, and it is in their interest to fashion the laws and institutions as to perpetuate their social and political prominence. It is from this division of society into two antagonistic sections that class struggle arises. Marx points out that the present society has been evolved gradually out of many class struggles in the past. History is a record of class struggles. There had been struggles between freeman and slave, between lord and serf, between the landed aristocracy and the bourgeoisie.
History is simply the record of how one class has gained wealth and political power only to be overthrown and succeeded by another class. The Industrial Revolution has destroyed the power and political influence of the old aristocracy and magnified those of the bourgeoisie, the middle-class capitalists. But it has also created a class of wretched wage-earners, the proletarians, who are being mercilessly exploited by the capitalists. Hence these two classes are set in mutual hostility with the result that a severe conflict between the two is inevitable. This would be the last and final struggle leading to a terrible revolution which would establish the dictatorship of the proletariate in a classless society.
The proletariate have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Economic interpretation of history and class struggle are the two main principles of Marxism. Marx next directed his attack upon capital through the economic theory of surplus value. According to it, all wealth is the product of labor, and labor is the only measure of value.
Hence workmen have the right to the whole produce of labor. Lastly, Marx is of opinion that capitalism is digging its own grave. Its inevitable tendency is the progressive concentration of wealth in the hands of increasingly fewer men, the big capitalists swallowing up the little ones. The result of this tendency would be to expand the number of the proletariate, so that society would come to be composed of only two classes — sharply differentiated by increasing wealth and increasing misery. The only logical outcome of this state of things is revolution in which the many will dispossess the few, and inaugurate the communist state. The social revolution which will bring about the fall of capitalism is, thus, inevitable. Another feature of Marxism is its international character.
Marx appeals to workers of all countries. He holds that laborers of one country have far more in common with the laborers of other countries than they have with the capitalists of their own. Marxist education will lay stress on indoctrination of ideas and practices. In Marxist state, education aims at creating Marxist attitude and values. The state is to be strengthened through the creation of a classless society. The proletariat will, no doubt, dominate in the Marxist state.
But education will not be limited to a handful of people. Marxism lays stress on providing education to all sections of the society, i. Equalisation of educational opportunity is the Marxist educational goal. Marxist education aims at maximum good to the maximum number. Social advancement is to be ensured through education. Education is considered as the greatest instrument of social change. Only intellectual education cannot achieve this goal. As a future educator I agreed with the policy immensely, I feel that in order to have a successful teaching staff collaboration is key.
A developmental alliance is a teacher, counselor, volunteer or anyone who can provide support for the student. A strong developmental alliance should use scaffolding in the classroom or the after-school. Even if a child remains unaccepted by the peer group at large, having at least one good friend during these years can often protect the child from the full-on negative effects of ostracism by the peer group. Communicate with the school, coaches, and neighborhood parents, so that you know what is going on with your child and with whom your child is spending time.
A teacher with extended patience, acceptance, and gentle redirection can serve as a model for the peer group and have some effect on a child 's social status. When a child has experienced failures in the classroom, it becomes even more and more important for the child 's teacher to consciously find ways to draw positive attention to that child. Collaborate with your child 's teacher to make sure the classroom environment is as "ADHD friendly" as possible so that your child is better able to manage ADHD. Conflict theory states that tensions and conflicts arise when resources, status, and power are unevenly distributed between groups in society and that these conflicts become the engine for social change. In this essay I will discuss the views of Conflict Theorists on …show more content… In this way inequality becomes justified.
However Bowles and Gintis argue that rewards in education and occupation are based not on ability but on social background. See Bourdon position theory ; Bourdiau cultural capital ; and Bernstein language and class. For Bowles and Ginitis then, school can be seen to legitimize social inequality. School assemblies these teaches respect for dominant ideas. Where boys and girls learn to accept different roles in society, with boy learning to be masculine and girls feminine to follow teachers instructions without question. This replace the way you have to follow as bosses …show more content… These skills are very important in solving the future problems.
School is a place that can hold a lot of tension and pressures for kids of all ages. It is also one of the first places after the home where a child begins learning how to interact with peers. This can, of course, lead to many conflicts. In order to help students not turn into bullies or become paralyzed with shyness, teaching methods of conflict resolution is a great tool. Many schools have peer mediation, which helps teach both the disputant students as well as the peer. Show More. Karl Marx's Approach To Social Inequality Words 4 Pages Indeed, Bourdieu assesses that the educational system replicates the social inequalities that rely within society, which undeniably favors students from upper-class families. The New York Times.
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